Shamanism is in the literal deffintion 1 is not a belief system it is a practice it is the path of knowledge gained through expierence of life such as rituals, ceremonies, and has no limit on potential. a common mis conception of shamanism is that it is a native american practice while this is true it derived from the native americans it is not confined to them as a culture. Shamans are guides and "wounded healers" that partake in trances or altered states to reach the spirit world, and restore balance to peoples souls.